SAP Basis Implentation of the Security Audit Log (SAL) - SAP Basis

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Implentation of the Security Audit Log (SAL)
Execution of release changes and upgrade projects
At best, for the time in which an emergency user is in service, a separate log of the activities undertaken is written, which can then be evaluated. In the following chapter I would like to explain our best practice approach to implementing an emergency user concept. Our approach to using an emergency user concept We have had good experience with the use of the Xiting Authorizations Management Suite (XAMS) in this area. This suite consists of various modules for creating role concepts, managing permissions including a permission concept, and also enables the implementation of an emergency user concept. XAMS works here with a limited time assignment of reference users with extended privileges to enable the emergency user concept. A self-service application may be made with a justification and a period for allocating special rights. The application window is illustrated in an example in the following screenshot: Evaluation of the use of the Emergency User Concept Once this request has been initiated, a new mode will be opened for the user, in which he can work with the extended rights. In addition, depending on the configuration, a stored workflow can be initiated as an approval process, or pre-defined controllers will be notified by email to verify activities. Once the session has ended with the emergency user, the responsible persons will receive another email with the logged activity of the user with the extended permissions. One of these logs is shown in the next screenshot: These logs can also be viewed in the system. Here you will get an overview of all the sessions that have been run. In addition, it is possible to approve activities with special rights after an evaluation. This allows the controller to get an overview of the activities undertaken with the emergency user. If you are using this Emergency User Concept and following these steps, you can ensure: Each user on the production system retains his or her original necessary rights.

Either temporary programme calls are blocked that are actually desired or enormously large gateway logs must be analysed. If, due to the heavy workload, one were to decide to forgo the use of the access control lists permanently, this would be a major security vulnerability. The unprotected system does not have any limitations on the external services that may register, and there are no rules for running programmes. One possible consequence would be, for example, the registration of an external system on which malicious programmes exist. At the moment when foreign programmes are running on your system without any control, you can expect that great damage will be done. For example, it ranges from an unnoticed reading of purchase and sales figures, a diversion of funds, to a paralysis or manipulation of the entire system. In addition, this scenario is also possible for poorly maintained access control lists. Our solution: secinfo and reginfo Generator for SAP RFC Gateway To solve the problem, we have developed a generator that can automatically create secinfo and reginfo files based on gateway logs. The basic idea is based on the logging-based approach. It performs the task of time-consuming analysis of log files and also ensures maximum reliability through automation. Nevertheless, the entries of the generated files should be checked by one person. Since the log files used as input are sensitive data, of course none of the inserted data leave your system. More information about the generator can be found here.
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In addition to scanning and identifying the respective security vulnerabilities of a program, it is also possible to stop tasks that are to be transported to other SAP systems with security vulnerabilities in the further transport process This applies, for example, to the CHARM process based on SAP Solution Manager. This forces a programmer to securely check the programs he or she is responsible for according to the same security criteria. If a program then still has security problems, it can either be released via the dual control principle or returned for further processing. Do you know of any other solutions for improving ABAP code security or have you already gained experience with the products mentioned above? I look forward to your comments!

"Shortcut for SAP Systems" is a PC application that simplifies or even facilitates many activities in the SAP base.

QUEUE_STILL_IN_BUFFER: The queue is not fully processed because incomplete support packages of the queue are still in the transport buffer.

Every operating system, such as Windows, provides an environment in which programs developed for that environment can run, such as MS Office.
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