SAP Basis is characterized by a three-layer model and consists of the following layers:
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In the case of client settings, you should ensure that the production client is protected against overwriting and that changes are only approved via the transport management system (TMS) to ensure traceability. In the interests of system security, changes to repository and client-independent objects should also not be permitted. The use of eCATT and CATT should also be at least restricted, as allowing them can lead to significant database changes.
The database layer manages all data in the R/3 System. It contains the database management system (DBMS) and the actual data.
SPAM/SAINT updates (SPAM update) provide updates and improvements to SAP Patch Manager and SAP Add-On Installation Tool. There is always one SPAM update per review that will be updated over time. The version can be found in the short description, e.g.: SPAM/SAINT update - version 4.6A/0001 A SPAM update always comes first in the list of support packages in the SAPNet - R/3 frontend, i.e. before the other support packages. We recommend that you always install the latest version of a SPAM update before installing Support Packages. Prerequisites You can successfully commit a SPAM update only if there are no broken support packages in the system. If there are cancelled support packages, a dialogue box will alert you. You have two options: You will first complete the queue and then the SPAM update. You reset the status of the queue, play the SPAM update first and then the queue. You can reset the status of the Queue by using the Add Status Reset Queue. Note that your system is inconsistent when you reset the queue after objects have already been imported (for example, after an error in the DDIC_IMPORT step and following). Therefore, you should only reset the queue if DDIC_IMPORT was cancelled before the step. For more information, see Steps of the SPAM [page 26]. Note that starting with SPAM/SAINT version 11, it is no longer possible to reset the queue after the DDIC_IMPORT step and following. How to Check if the SPAM update you are offering is newer than the one you are receiving. The current SPAM version appears in the title bar of the SPAM window. To play the latest SPAM update, select Support Package Insert SPAMUpdate. SPAM updates are automatically confirmed after successful insertion. Load Support Package Usage Before you can insert Support Packages, you must first load the appropriate Support Packages.
This point may sound a little trivial at first. Who tests, surely documents this? Experience shows: Yes, but often patchy. In the case of unsuccessful tests, where subsequent or additional developments are due and the cause of the error is not directly apparent at first glance, good result documentation often pays off. This saves developers time in communication and effort by re-imagining the scenario. At this point, the SAP Solution Manager offers extensive opportunities to manage templates and result documents centrally and in the individual test plans. Automated testing only Automated testing offers many advantages, whether it is a higher software quality through more comprehensive test coverage or reusability of test cases. However, it does not always make sense to use only automated test scripts. A less good choice is the test automation for frequently changing software or processes, because the maintenance effort can be enormous. At this point, it is often more effective to run manual test runs instead of spending a lot of time customising test scripts. Poor test preparation The relevant processes have been defined, the test plans have been created and the test period has begun - so can testing begin? Not always. Lack of test preparation often leads to unplanned additional time costs. Sometimes the testers were not familiar with the test environment or no one thought about taking care of a sufficient and current test data set (master data, movement data). Make sure you have thought of everything you need! (missing test data, unrepresentative test environment, unstable).
With "Shortcut for SAP Systems" a tool is available that greatly facilitates some tasks in the SAP basis.
Now we want to add the objects of the original to be transported.
If more transactions with user assignment are to be identified at the same time and the role assignment is to be seen directly, the use of the transaction SE16N is recommended.