User and security management
In some cases, the term SAP Basis is also equated with the administration of an SAP system, i.e. with a task description. In this case, it refers to the management and control of SAP systems via various administration and monitoring tools.
The presentation layer is based on the software components, collectively called "SAP GUI". This includes several possible implementation variants: for example, SAP GUI for HTML (Web GUI) and Web Dynpro for ABAP (WDA). Since the respective GUI depends entirely on the concrete application, the presentation layer looks very different in practice.
But when it comes to the intricacies of large SAP environments, Ansible quickly reaches its limits. If you want to use Ansible to implement simple automations - starting and stopping SAP environments, for example - you have to put up with a lot of manual effort and complicated scripts.
The following list explains the steps in the order they are performed by SPAM: PROLOGUE This step will check if you are eligible to play Support Packages. CHECK_REQUIREMENTS In this step, different requirements for inserting are checked, e.g. the login of the transport control programme tp to your system. DISASSEMBLE In this step, the data files are unpacked from the corresponding EPS packages and placed in the transport directory. ADD_TO_BUFFER In this step, the queue is placed in the transport buffer of your system. TEST_IMPORT This step checks whether there are any objects that are overridden during the commit and are in unreleased tasks. IMPORT_OBJECT_LIST In this step, the object lists for the support packages that are in the queue are fed into the system. OBJECTS_LOCKED_? This step checks to see if there are any objects that are overwritten during the commit and that are in unreleased jobs. SCHEDULE_RDDIMPDP In this step the transport daemon (programme RDDIMPDP) is planned. ADDON_CONFLICTS_? This step checks to see if there are conflicts between objects in the queue and add-ons installed. SPDD_SPAU_CHECK This step will check if a modification match (transactions SPDD/SPAU) is necessary. DDIC_IMPORT In this step, all ABAP Dictionary objects of the queue are imported. AUTO_MOD_SPDD This step checks whether modifications to ABAP Dictionary objects can be adjusted automatically. RUN_SPDD_? This step prompts you to customise your modifications to ABAP Dictionary objects by calling the transaction SPDD. IMPORT_PROPER In this step, all repository objects and table entries are fed. Then actions such as distribution, implementation, activation and generation take place. AUTO_MOD_SPAU This step checks whether modifications can be adjusted automatically. RUN_SPAU_?
With "Shortcut for SAP Systems" a tool is available that greatly facilitates some tasks in the SAP basis.
To store personalisation data in the central repository, a key must be assigned to the data: This is done via the registration transaction PERSREG.
This page explains what is behind the term and what SAP Basis is responsible for in detail.