SAP Basis What should an SAP administrator be able to do? - SAP Basis

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What should an SAP administrator be able to do?
Migration of SAP DB systems (between different databases)
The analysis shows you in the form of a traffic light output (red-yellow-green) whether the respective settings are configured correctly. In addition, you can also view the detailed values of the respective settings.

This option is useful if several transactions are to be checked simultaneously for their existing assignment to a particular user. This variant must first identify all roles that have already been assigned to the user. This is done in the transaction SE16N by entering the table AGR_USERS. In addition, the limit of the maximum hit number can be set in this image. The user concerned must now be entered here. Furthermore, the output should be limited to the roles only. After the query is executed, all the roles assigned to the previously entered user are displayed. These are now completely marked and copied. Then in the transaction SE16N a step back is taken and this time the table AGR_1251 is selected. Now all the roles that have been copied previously are inserted here. In addition, the object S_TCODE and the transactions to be searched for are filtered. Warning: When entering transaction codes, be sure to be case-sensitive! At this point, the output can also be limited to the roles and object values (in this case, the transactions). After the query is executed, the transactions entered will now show those that the user can already perform. In addition, the role assigned to the transaction is shown. In conclusion, the SUIM is only partially suitable for identifying certain transactions with user assignment. Although the search using the S_TCODE permission object also allows you to view multiple transactions. However, since the result is missing the assignment of transactions considered to roles, the SUIM transaction can only be usefully used to check a single transaction for its existing assignment to a particular user.
Transporting transport orders from one system line to another or importing third-party transport orders into the SAP system is also an occasional task for an SAP basis administrator. As in my last blog post on system modifiability, I would like to offer you a way to quickly present this topic. So you will find a step-by-step guide which you can follow if you have already understood the content of the topic, but only the steps need to be taken. What are the requirements? Transport orders include two files, titled "data" and "cofiles". These files consist of a six-character alphanumeric combination and a file extension, which often represents the system from which the files were exported. The first character is always a K (the cofiles file) or an R (the data file). For our example we call the files K12345_DEV and R12345_DEV. These files are of course needed for an import into your own SAP system. Furthermore, you need access to the file system or the SAP directories, as they have to insert the above files there manually. In addition, the transaction STMS is required in the SAP system because it attaches the transport orders to the import queue. Now, if you have all of this available, we can start with the import: What is the procedure? Operating System Level Preparation. The first step is to copy the files to the transport directory of the SAP system. This is usually below /usr/sap/trans, but can be changed individually depending on the system. If you want to make sure that you are working in the correct directory, you can look in the transaction AL11 to see which directory is specified under "DIR_TRANS". This is the right directory to work on. Here the existing files are copied into it, namely the cofiles file (K12345_DEV) in the cofiles folder (/usr/sap/trans/cofiles) and the data file (R12345_DEV) in the data folder (/usr/sap/trans/data). Note: In this case, especially for companies with multiple systems on multiple servers, the access permissions and the file owner need to be changed so that the import in the target system does not cause problems.

Remove weak password hashes from the system: Only updating the profile parameter does not provide you with the necessary security. There are still many weak hash values in your database that can be used to attack your system. These must be completely removed from the database. To do this, use the report CLEANUP_PASSWORD_HASH_VALUES. To do this, call the transaction SA38 and enter the name of the report in the input field. Run or F8 executes the programme and cleans your database Report CLEANUP_PASSWORD_HASH_VALUES This programme removes the outdated hash values across all clients. Have you already experienced this attack method or any other comments on this topic? Share your experiences with us in the form of a comment under this article.

"Shortcut for SAP Systems" makes many tasks in the area of the SAP basis much easier.

OBJECTS_LOCKED_? This step checks to see if there are any objects left in unreleased jobs that will be overwritten during the commit.

The programmes which this is approved are controlled by the reginfo ACL file.
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