Developer and customizing authorizations represent a great potential danger in productive SAP systems. Here, authorizations must be assigned very restrictively, e.g. only to emergency users. The same applies to RFC connections from a development system to productive systems. Such connections can only be used to a very limited extent.
It must be clarified in advance what constitutes a recognized "emergency" in the first place and which scenarios do not yet justify activating the highly privileged user. In addition, it may only be approved and activated after a justified request and only under the dual control principle. After use, it must be administratively blocked again immediately.
Evaluate Permission Traces across Application Servers
Do you want to keep track of what changes have been made to the Central User Management configuration or the distribution parameters for the User Master's Care? You can manage the change documents centrally. The Central User Administration (ZBV) is used to create users, assign roles and distribute them to the respective subsidiary systems. For this, the ZBV has to be configured initially. These include defining the ZBV landscape, i.e. defining the central system and subsidiary systems, adjusting the distribution parameters and transferring users from the subsidiary systems to the central system. You can also configure the ZBV afterwards. For example, you can add subsidiary systems or release them from the ZBV. In the transaction, you can modify SCUM to change the field allocation properties so that fields that were originally globally distributed across the ZBVs are also locally maintainable. All this information about the changes to the ZBV configuration has not been centrally logged.
There is a special feature for roles if the corresponding SAP system is based on S/4HANA. While under SAP ERP only roles with authorizations for the GUI system were relevant, corresponding business roles are required for the applications under FIORI. In addition to the roles in which authorization objects and authorization values are entered, so-called business roles are also required.
"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.
If you have set the distribution parameters for the user group to Global or Redistribution, the appropriate subsidiary system will reject the changes made to users that do not have a user group in the Central System, and you will receive an error message in the SCUL transaction.
For example, if your company has 100 sales organisations and 20 sales roles, you already have 2,000 role outlets.