SAP Authorizations Authorization roles (transaction PFCG) - SAP Basis

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Authorization roles (transaction PFCG)
ICS for business processes in SAP systems
The SAP authorization concept protects transactions and programs in SAP systems on the basis of authorization objects. Authorization objects enable complex checks of an authorization that are bound to several conditions. Authorizations represent characteristics of authorization objects depending on the employee's activity and responsibility. The authorizations are combined in an authorization profile that belongs to a role. The administrator assigns the appropriate role to the employee via the user master record so that the employee can perform his or her tasks in the system.

When using encryption mechanisms, be sure to prevent access to the personal security environment (PSE) files in the server's file system and database. To do this, create your own table permission group for the SSF_PSE_D table and restrict programmes from accessing the /sec directory in the file system. For details on securing key tables, see SAP Note 1485029.
Authorization concept
Certain permissions that are not relevant until a job step is run are checked at the time of scheduling for the specified step user. This checks whether the selected user is authorised to run the specified ABAP programme or external command. For programmes associated with a permission group, the S_PROGRAM object is checked. External commands test for the object S_LOG_COM.

The same applies to the concept of data ownership. Here, a person takes responsibility for the data of a certain scope (e.g., SAP system X or system landscape Y) and looks after it as if it were his own precious possession. He or she conscientiously answers questions such as "May data be changed / viewed / deleted?", "How is action taken in the event of a data leak?", "Who may access the data and how, and what may be done with it?".

"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.

Create a report transaction for the report that is called in the background job.

You can also make downloading easier; Frank Buchholz presents programmes that you can use in his blog (see
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