BASICS FOR USING SAP REPORTS
Identify Executable Transaction Codes
When you select the row with the parameter transaction you created and click on the Suggest values button, the S_TABU_NAM authorization object is automatically created with the correct suggestion values, i.e. the table name in the transaction SU24. Check these suggestion values by clicking Yes in the S_TABU_NAM column. You will now end up in a view from the transaction SU24 and can check in the tables authorization objects and Permission Proposition Values (for all authorization objects) which changes to the object S_TABU_NAM have been made automatically. For more information and implementation guidance, use SAP Note 1500054. The SAP Note also provides the SUSR_TABLES_WITH_AUTH analysis report, which specifies table permissions for users or individual roles. This report checks at user or single-role level which tables have permissions based on the S_TABU_DIS or S_TABU_NAM authorization objects. The report does not check whether the user has the transaction startup permissions that are also necessary, such as S_TCODE. For example, if you check what table permissions a particular user has based on the S_TABU_DIS authorization object, you will receive information about the table names, the associated table permission group, and the eligible activities. Granting permissions to access tables directly is flexible and useful, and is not recommended unless the mechanism is hammered out by giving the user general table access through generic maintenance tools.
Finally, the check logic provides for a row-level check within a table if you want to restrict access to the table contents depending on an organisational mapping. For example, if you want a user to view only the data from a table that affects the country where their work location is located, you must configure it accordingly. To do this, you define and activate organisation-relevant fields as an organisational criterion (see Tip 62, "Organisationally restrict table editing permissions"). To keep track of which users can access which tables, run the SUSR_TABLES_WITH_AUTH report. This report provides information about which user or single role has the S_TABU_DIS or S_TABU_NAM authorization objects. The result list shows all the authorised tables, their permissions, and their permission values.
Hash values of user passwords
Far more damage, however, can be caused by too extensive authorizations. For example, an employee may be authorized to access data for which he or she is not authorized. In the worst case, criminal activity can cause economic damage. To prevent this, an authorization concept must be in place that describes how authorizations are to be created and assigned to users.
When creating the permission concept, a naming convention is defined for PFCG roles. Every customer has his own preferences or specifications, which must be adhered to. According to our project experience, some naming conventions are particularly attractive. Naming conventions for PFCG roles can be very diverse. You will have noticed that even the roles provided by SAP do not correspond to a uniform naming convention. So there are roles whose names start with SAP_. There are also roles, such as for the SRM system, that start with the /SAPSRM/ namespace. In this tip we would like to give you some hints and criteria that you can use to help define a naming convention of PFCG roles.
Authorizations can also be assigned via "Shortcut for SAP systems".
The implementation of SAP Note 1870622 provides a feature enhancement for the SE97 transaction.
The scheduling and editing of batch jobs is regulated by permissions, which are often not clear about their use.