Task & functionality of the SAP authorization concept
SAP authorizations control the access options of users in an SAP system - for example, to personal data. Secure management of this access is essential for every company. This makes authorization concepts, authorization tools and automated protection of the SAP system all the more important in order to meet the stringent legal requirements with little administrative effort.
Use the RSUSR003 standard report (or RSUSR003 transaction) to validate the default users for initial passwords and ensure the security policies associated with those users. You can define and use your own layout on the home page. After the report is executed, you will be presented with an overview of the existing standard users in the different companies. This includes the password status, a lock flag, the reasons for the lock, the number of false logins, the user validity periods and the security policies associated with the users. The security policy appears to help you understand whether these users are subject to special login or password rules.
SAP Data Analytics
Organisation levels ensure more efficient maintenance of the eligibility roles. You maintain them once in the transaction PFCG via the button Origen. The values for each entry in this field are entered in the permissions of the role. This means that you can only enter the same values for the organisation level field within a role. If you change the values of the individual fields in the authorization objects independently of the overarching care, you will receive a warning message that you will no longer be able to change this field by clicking the Ormits button and that this individual value will be overwritten when you adjust derived roles. Therefore, we strongly advise you not to carry out individual maintenance of the organisation level fields. If you adhere to this advice, as described above, there can always be only one value range for an organisation level field. For example, the combination of displaying all posting circuits and changing a single posting circle within a role cannot be implemented. Of course, this has implications if you want to upgrade a field to the organisation level. A field that has not previously served as an organisational level can include such entries with different values within a role. You must clean up these entries before you declare a field as an organisation level. In addition, the definition of a field as an organisational level also affects the proposed permissions values of the profile generator.
However, the permission trace is a long-term trace that you can turn on using the auth/authorisation_trace dynamic profile parameter. This trace is user- and client-independent. In the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table, the trace supplements the permissions checks that were not captured before the application ran. This function can also be used for customer-specific developments. Now, go to the RZ11 transaction, enter the auth/authorisation_trace parameter name in the selection box, and click View. You will now get to the detailed view of the profile parameter with all properties and the link to a documentation. To turn the trace on, click Change Value and a pop-up window will open. Enter "Y" or "F" for filters here if you want to define a filter (see Tip 38, "Use SU22 and SU24 transactions correctly") and save your input. A warning appears informing you that the parameter value would be reset when the application server is launched.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
On the one hand, sensitive company data must not fall into the wrong hands, but on the other hand, they also form an important basis for decisions and strategic company directions.
The next step is to maintain the SU24 transaction proposal values for the respective customer transaction.